Aquaculture is the farming of aquatic organisms, including fish, finfish, shellfish (mollusks and crustaceans), and aquatic plants in controlled or selected aquatic environments. Farming implies some form of intervention in the rearing process to enhance production, such as regular stocking, feeding, and protection from predators. Farming also implies individual or corporate ownership of cultivated stock.
In 2012, the top ten aquaculture producers (excluding aquatic plants and non-food products) were:
– China – 41.1 million tonnes,
– India – 4.2 million tonnes,
– Vietnam 3.1 million tonnes,
– Indonesia 3.1 million tonnes),
– Bangladesh, Norway, Thailand, Chile, Egypt, Myanmar ….
The above countries produce 88% of world production by quantity according to FAO yearbook. Fishery and Aquaculture Statistics. 2012, p. 18 in pdf document.
Resources worth checking out
Statistics and Information Branch of the Fisheries and Aquaculture Department (2014). FAO yearbook. Fishery and Aquaculture Statistics. 2012. Rome: FAO 76 pages. Retrieved, April 7, 2016 from http://www.fao.org/3/a-i3740t.pdf
A great resource site is the webpage from the Fisheries and Aquaculture Department, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations the publications section – see here: http://www.fao.org/fishery/publications/yearbooks/en
European Commission (December 4, 2015). Food and Feed Safety. Reports on EU-wide control plans on fish species substitution and honey adulteration. Retrieved, April 10, 2016 from http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/health_food-safety/dyna/enews/enews.cfm?al_id=1652
Did you know that a portion of 150 g of fish provides about 50–60 percent of the daily protein requirements for an adult? From State of the World Fisheries and Aquaculture report of 2014 (see p. 84 – pdf file)